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Teacher Training in ESP: A Historical Review
English for Specific Purposes (ESP) has grown in leaps and bounds in the last decade. Apart from Engineering, Business, Law, Medicine, Aviation, etc, many other disciplines have come under the academic umbrella of ESP. However, this growth has not been adequately supported by teacher preparation. Though the first formal and established ESP training programme was started in the 1970s, yet the dearth of trained ESP teachers has been a problem for the whole world since then. In the above light, the present paper presents a historical overview of training programmes in different countries like the USA, the UK, China, Saudi Arabia, Chile, Malaysia, Thailand, Romania, Cote de Ivory, etc for ESP teachers. The article is divided into three sections: the first part concentrates on beginning of training programmes with J. R. Ewer; the second section covers the post-Munby period; and the final section focuses on research on ESP teacher training undertaken during the period from the arrival of ‘post-method’ era to as late as 2009. The aims and main components in the programmes are highlighted while maintaining developmental connections between them.
Key words: ESP, EST, General English, review, teacher training programme
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